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Linking Words For Essays Exercises For Thighs

(1) Think about the key points and issues considered in the text.
(2) Select the ones that deserve to be included in the limited space of a one or two-page paper. (See also our section on Relevance and Selection)
(3) Organize them into a logical sequence in the form of an outline or a diagram containing the basic ideas you intend to develop.
(4) Articulate your thoughts and arguments in a way that is clear, logical and persuasive with the help of the right linking words.

Commonly Used Connecting Words and Phrases

* To show similarity:

similarly, likewise, in a similar manner, like, in the same way, analogously

* To compare or show contrast:

however, nevertheless, rather, whereas, but, yet, on the other hand, on the contrary, by comparison, compared to, up against, balanced against, vis a vis, although, conversely, but, meanwhile, in contrast, after all, otherwise, alternatively.

* To express an alternative:

or, either . . . or, whether . . . or

* To express concession:

granted, naturally, of course, one may object that . . .

* To introduce a new point:

furthermore, moreover, in addition

* To place what you have just said in a particular context:

in this connection, in this perspective

* To add something:

and, again, and then, besides, equally important, finally, further, furthermore, next, what is more, moreover, as well as, in addition, first (second, etc.), not only . . . but

* To prove your point:

because, for, since, for the same reason, obviously, evidently, indeed, in fact, in any case, that is, demonstrably.

* To show cause and effect:

as a result, consequently, hence, due to, in view of, on account of, accordingly, for this reason, therefore.

* To give an example or an illustration:

for example, for instance, in this case, in another case, take the case of, to illustrate, as an illustration, to take another example, namely, that is, as shown by, as illustrated by, as expressed by.

* To repeat, insist and/or refer back to an earlier point:

as I have said, in brief, as I have noted, as suggested above, as has been noted

* To emphasize:

definitely, extremely, indeed, absolutely, positively, obviously, naturally, always, never, surprisingly, emphatically, without a doubt, certainly, undeniably, without reservation, perenially, forever.

* To conclude a paragraph or an essay:

thus, lastly, in brief, in short, on the whole, to sum up, to conclude, in conclusion, as I have shown, as I have said

The words listed in each section have different meanings and are not interchangeable. If you have doubts as to the exact meaning of a connective, check them in your dictionary and/or in the "Essay writing" section of your Robert & Collins.


More exercises on linking words: BAC1 students in English Literature should click HERE to do these supplementary exercises interactively.The ULg "identifiant" and "mot de passe" is required to access the page. Others, whose work need not be monitored, should click here.

Linking & Connecting Words

It is essential to understand how Linking Words, as a part of speech, can be used to combine ideas in writing - and thus ensure that ideas within sentences and paragraphs are elegantly connected - for the benefit of the reader. This will help to improve your writing (e.g. essay, comment, summary (scientific) review, (research) paper, letter, abstract, report, thesis, etc.).
It is also fundamental to be aware of the sometimes subtle meaning of these "small" words within the English language.

"Linking Words" is used as a term to denote a class of English words which are employed to link or connect parts of speech or even whole sentences. They are also called connecting words. There are 2 categories of Linking Words (or Connecting Words):



Transition Words


Connecting Words

Relations Between Words

A concept is an idea - and what is an idea? A thought which is in or on our mind. And what is that? Arguably, even more difficult to describe - if not impossible. So, to make it easier, how do we express ideas? With words - and more often than not - with attitude, gesture, movement, and any other kind of physiological behavior.

So, a concept can be expressed as something between a single word, and an elaborate and in extenso described philosophy.

A concept by itself does not necessarily communicate a clear, unambiguous, understandable meaning. Therefore, especially in written communication, it is more than helpful, to use words, which can join ideas (expressed in different words, phrases, sentences, paragraphs). For this, we need linking words or linking phrases. These are a set of words used to join concepts and to express the relationships between concepts. Depending on the linking words selected, the connection between the concepts becomes more apparent, clear, vivid, self-explanatory, definite or on the contrary, more nebulous, vague, inexplicit, ambiguous or obscure.


Complete List of Linking & Connecting Words


Please feel free to download this concise and comprehensive guide as a 2 page cheat sheet Linking Words & Connecting Words — the PDF contains all the Conjunctions & Transitional devices listed on these 2 pages.



Writing Tip: Finding the right word for a text, letter, review or essay not only involves your brain's intuition and memory, but in these days frequently the use of search engines (although Synonym Lists can be a big help either). Read this concise article, peppered with examples, of How to Choose the Right Words for Best Search Results and your results will vastly improve.

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