Trent Franks Committee Assignments Wiki
Harold Trent Franks (born June 19, 1957) is a former U.S. Representative for Arizona's 8th congressional district, serving in Congress from 2003 to 2017. He is a member of the Republican Party. The district, numbered as the 2nd District from 2003 to 2013, is located in the West Valley portion of the Valley of the Sun and includes Glendale, Surprise, Sun City, Peoria and part of western Phoenix.
In December 2017, the House Ethics Committee announced that it would investigate Franks for sexual harassment and misconduct. Franks had repeatedly asked two female staffers to bear children as surrogate mothers for him, and allegedly offered one of them $5 million to carry his child and retaliated against her when she declined. The women feared that Franks wanted to impregnate them sexually as part of the surrogacy process. Franks acknowledged discussing surrogacy with the aides but denied the other allegations; he resigned from Congress immediately after the ethics investigation was announced, blaming his situation on "the current cultural and media climate".
Early life, education, and business career
Franks was born in Uravan, Colorado, a company town, the son of Juanita and Edward Taylor Franks. He was born with a cleft lip and palate. After his parents separated, Franks took care of his younger siblings. While his parents took financial responsibility, he overtook the leadership role at home. Franks graduated from Briggsdale High School in Colorado in 1976. After high school, Franks bought a drilling rig and moved to Texas to drill wells with his best friend and his younger brother. He moved to Arizona in 1981, where he continued to drill wells.
In 1987, he completed a course of study at the non-accredited National Center for Constitutional Studies, formerly known as the Freemen Institute, in Utah. For one year, from 1989 to 1990, he attended the Arizona campus of Ottawa University, based in Ottawa, Kansas.
In September 2004, Franks told Franchising World that he had been a small business owner for more than 25 years. He is one of the richest congressmen, with a reported net worth of $20+ million.
Early political career
In 1984, while working as an engineer for an oil and gas royalty-purchasing firm, Franks began his political career by running for a seat in the Arizona House of Representatives, against incumbent Democrat Glenn Davis, an attorney, in District 20 in central Phoenix. Franks, who was a member of the Arizona Right to Life organization and president of the Arizona Christian Action Council, campaigned against abortion and in favor of tougher child abuse laws. He defeated Davis by 155 votes. In the state legislature, Franks served as vice-chairman of the Commerce Committee and Chairman of the House Subcommittee on Child Protection and Family Preservation.
Franks was defeated in his re-election bid in November 1986.
In January 1987, he was appointed by Republican GovernorEvan Mecham to head the Arizona Governor's Office for Children, which is a Cabinet-level division of the Governor's office responsible for overseeing and coordinating state policy and programs for Arizona's children.
In late 1987, Franks founded the Arizona Family Research Institute, a nonprofit organization affiliated with James Dobson's Focus on the Family. He was the Executive Director of the organization for four and a half years.
In April 1988, after Mecham was impeached and removed from office, Franks and other appointees resigned their positions. Franks had been under investigation following an Associated Press report about his decision to spend nearly $60,000, without getting bids, for a conference at a former campaign contributor's hotel. Later in 1988, he ran again for a legislative seat, moving to District 18 shortly before the filing deadline. He was successful in the Republican primary but lost in the November general election.
In 1992, when Franks was chairman of Arizonans for Common Sense, one of the organization's efforts was a constitutional amendment on the November 1992 ballot in Arizona that banned most abortions. The initiative lost, getting about 35 percent of the votes cast.
In August 1995, Arizonans for an Empowered Future, of which Franks was chairman, launched an initiative campaign to amend the state constitution, replacing the graduated state income tax with a flat 3.5 percent rate, and allowing parents to deduct the costs of private-school tuition. The initiative was not one of those appearing on the ballot in 1996.
Franks worked for and later became president of Liberty Petroleum Corporation, a small oil exploration company established in 1996. Franks served as a consultant to conservative activist Pat Buchanan's presidential campaign.
U.S. House of Representatives
Franks ran for Arizona's 4th congressional district in 1994, after incumbent U.S. Representative Jon Kyl decided to run for the U.S. Senate. He lost to John Shadegg, 43%–30%.
Following the 2000 Census, Arizona got two additional seats. Franks decided to run in the 2nd district. That district had previously been the 3rd District, represented by 13-term incumbent Republican Bob Stump, who was not running for reelection. The initial favorite in the race was Lisa Jackson Atkins, Stump's longtime chief of staff, whom Stump had endorsed as his successor. Atkins had long been very visible in the district (in contrast to her more low-key boss) to the point that many thought she was the district's representative. Franks narrowly defeated Atkins in the seven-candidate Republican primary, 28%–26%, a difference of just 797 votes. He won the November 2002 general election, defeating Democrat Randy Camacho, 60%–37%.
Franks faced unusually strong competition in the Republican primary from the more moderate businessman Rick Murphy. Franks defeated him 64%–36%. He won re-election to a second term, by defeating Camacho in a rematch, 59%–38%.
See also: United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona, 2006 § District 2
He won re-election to a third term with 59% of the vote.
See also: United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona, 2008 § District 2
He won re-election to a fourth term with 59% of the vote.
See also: United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona, 2010 § District 2
Franks was again challenged in the Republican primary. However, he easily defeated Charles Black, 81%–19%. He won re-election to a fifth term with 65% of the vote.
See also: United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona, 2012 § District 8
For his first five terms, Franks represented a vast district encompassing most of northwestern Arizona, though the bulk of its population was in the West Valley. It appeared to be gerrymandered because of a narrow tendril connecting the Hopi reservation to the rest of the district. However, due to longstanding disputes between the Hopi and Navajo, it had long been believed the two tribes should be in separate districts.
However, after the 2010 census, Franks' district was renumbered as the 8th District, and reduced to essentially the Maricopa County portion of his old district. As evidence of how much the West Valley dominated the old 2nd, Franks retained 92 percent of his former constituents, even as he lost 85 percent of his old district's land. He was challenged in the Republican primary by Tony Passalacqua, whom Franks defeated easily, 83%–17%. The new 8th was no less Republican than the old 2nd, and Franks won a sixth term with 63% of the vote.
See also: United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona, 2014 § District 8
Franks won his party's election in the Republican primary on August 26, 2014.
The National Journal has ranked Franks among the "most conservative" members of the U.S. House of Representatives in 2009. He was a member of the Republican Study Committee.
Franks is a staunch advocate of a federal prohibition of online poker. In 2006, he cosponsored H.R. 4411, the Goodlatte-Leach Internet Gambling Prohibition Act and H.R. 4777, the Internet Gambling Prohibition Act.
On October 14, 2009, Franks joined with three fellow Representatives in calling for the investigation of the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) over allegations of trying to plant "spies," based on a CAIR memo indicating that they "will develop national initiatives such as Lobby Day, and placing Muslim interns in Congressional offices." The request followed publication of the book Muslim Mafia. Representative Sue Myrick had written the foreword, which characterized CAIR as subversive and aligned with terrorists. CAIR has countered that these initiatives are extensively used by all advocacy groups and accused Franks and his colleagues of intending to intimidate American Muslims who "take part in the political process and exercise their rights."
Franks is a signer of the Taxpayer Protection Pledge. In 2010, Franks voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. He has high approval ratings from the Small Business and Entrepreneurship Council. In November 2011, he voted to pass H.R. 2930, which authorizes crowdfunding for small businesses.
In 2009 Franks signed a pledge sponsored by Americans for Prosperity promising to vote against any Global Warming legislation that would raise taxes.
Criticism of the Obama administration
He opposes the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, claiming "the thought of Americans' health care decisions being put into the hands of an unimaginably large bureaucracy is a frightening prospect." He is not supported by American Public Health Association or the Children's Health Fund.
In September 2009, he stirred controversy when criticizing President Barack Obama. He said "Obama's first act as president of any consequence, in the middle of a financial meltdown, was to send taxpayers' money overseas to pay for the killing of unborn children in other countries. Now, I got to tell you, if a president will do that, there's almost nothing that you should be surprised at after that. We shouldn't be shocked that he does all these other insane things. A president that has lost his way that badly, that has no ability to see the image of God in these little fellow human beings, if he can't do that right, then he has no place in any station of government and we need to realize that he is an enemy of humanity."
In a 2010 interview, discussing the legacy of slavery which Franks described as a "crushing mark on America's soul", the congressman said, "Half of all black children are aborted. Far more of the African American community is being devastated by the policies of today than were being devastated by the policies of slavery."
In June 2013, he proposed a bill that would ban abortions after 20 weeks, without exceptions for rape and incest. In defense, he stirred controversy when saying that "the incidents of rape resulting in pregnancy are very low." He later clarified, "Pregnancies from rape that result in abortion after the beginning of the sixth month are very rare." The bill passed by a vote of 228–196.
In 2017, he again proposed the same bill that would ban abortions after 20 weeks without exceptions for rape and incest. The bill passed by a vote of 237–189.
Franks presided over a hearing to ban abortions after 20 weeks in the District of Columbia, in which he did not allow D.C.'s lone delegate and Member of Congress, Congresswoman Eleanor Holmes Norton, to testify. In doing so, he said Congress has the authority to "exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever" in the District, even though the heavily Democratic district is strongly opposed to the ban.
Franks has also been involved in the founding of a crisis pregnancy center in Tempe, Arizona, that's still in operation today. In the past, Franks has picketed abortion clinics but has ceased to do so stating in a June 2013 interview that "It became clear to me that I could be more effective by trying to do something to light a candle rather than curse the darkness."
During the 2008 campaign, Franks stated that he is skeptical about global warming.
He opposes same-sex marriage and abortion.
Franks supports the right to bear firearms. The interest group Gun Owners of America has given Franks high approval ratings. In 2011, he voted to pass the National Right-to-Carry Reciprocity Act.
Franks has also been active with Operation Smile.
- On July 14, 2017, Franks introduced Amendment No. 13 to the National Defense Authorization Act of 2018. The amendment called for a database surveying American Muslim leaders in order to identify violent and "unorthodox" strains of Islam. Critics of the amendment, including, most notably, Minnesota Democratic congressman Keith Ellison, the first Muslim elected to the United States Congress, repudiated the amendment as an attempt to subject one religion to special scrutiny. Franks rejected the charge by acknowledging that radical Islamist groups victimize Muslims more than any other religious group. Ultimately, the amendment was defeated 217-208, with 27 House Republicans joining all the House Democrats in voting in opposition.
Sexual harassment scandal and resignation
On December 7, 2017, the House Ethics Committee announced that it would create a special investigative subcommittee to determine if Franks had engaged in "conduct that constitutes sexual harassment and/or retaliation for opposing sexual harassment." According to reports, Franks repeatedly asked at least two female staff members if they would consider serving as surrogate mothers for Franks and his wife, offering to compensate at least one staff member $5 million if she conceived him a child and allegedly retaliating against one of the staff members for refusing his offer. Upon being briefed on the allegations, Speaker of the HousePaul Ryan found them to be "serious and requiring action" and, after confronting Franks, determined that the allegations, "which he did not deny"—warranted a referral to the House Ethics Committee. Ryan called the allegations "credible claims of misconduct."
In a statement, Franks detailed his struggle with infertility, and said, "Due to my familiarity and experience with the process of surrogacy, I clearly became insensitive as to how the discussion of such an intensely personal topic might affect others." He wrote, "I have absolutely never physically intimidated, coerced, or had, or attempted to have, any sexual contact with any member of my congressional staff," but said he would resign effective January 31, 2018, because of the "collective focus on a very important problem of justice and sexual impropriety" and he was "deeply convinced I would be unable to complete a fair House Ethics investigation before distorted and sensationalized versions of this story would put me, my family, my staff, and my noble colleagues in the House of Representatives through hyperbolized public excoriation."
The following day, Franks's wife was admitted to the hospital "due to an ongoing ailment", and Franks decided to resign effective immediately.
A week after Franks' resignation, Melissa Richmond wrote an op-ed in the Washington Post accusing him of rescinding an offer to intern at his office after she declined to come over to his house on a Sunday night when his wife was not present. Franks denied this allegation.
|Democratic||Debbie McCune (inc.)||15,575||30.66|
|Democratic||Glenn Davis (inc.)||12,937||25.47|
|Democratic||Debbie McCune (inc.)||13,866||32.24|
|Republican||Trent Franks (inc.)||10,063||23.40|
|Republican||Trent Franks (inc.)||45,261||63.63|
|Republican||Trent Franks (inc.)||81,252||80.87|
|Year||Democratic||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|2002||Randy Camacho||61,217||36.55%||Trent Franks||100,359||59.92%||Edward R. Carlson||Libertarian||5,919||3.53%||*|
|2004||Randy Camacho||107,406||38.46%||Trent Franks||165,260||59.17%||Powell Gammill||Libertarian||6,625||2.37%||*|
|2006||John Thrasher||89,671||38.89%||Trent Franks||135,150||58.62%||Powell Gammill||Libertarian||5,734||2.49%||*|
|2008||John Thrasher||125,611||37.16%||Trent Franks||200,914||59.44%||Powell Gammill||Libertarian||7,882||2.33%||William Crum||Green||3,616||1.07%|
|2010||John Thrasher||82,891||31.06%||Trent Franks||173,173||64.89%||Powell Gammill||Libertarian||10,820||4.05%||*|
|Republican||Trent Franks (inc.)||57,257||83.17|
|2012||Gene Scharer||95,635||35.05%||Trent Franks||172,809||63.34%||Stephen Dolgos||Americans Elect||4,347||1.59%|
|Arizona's 8th Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 2014|
|Republican||Trent Franks (inc.)||53,771||73.26|
|Republican||Clair Van Steenwyk||19,629||26.74|
|Arizona's 8th Congressional District Election, 2014|
|Republican||Trent Franks (inc.)||128,710||75.81%|
|Americans Elect||Stephen Dolgos||41,066||24.19%|
Franks and his wife, Josephine, have been married since 1980; they are members of the North Phoenix Baptist Church. Franks' wife, Josephine, is an immigrant. In August 2008, a donor egg and surrogate were used to give birth to their twins, Joshua Lane and Emily Grace.
Franks is a past chairman of the Children's Hope Scholarship Foundation.
- ^ abLee, MJ; Walsh, Deirdre; Summers, Juana; Watkins, Eli (December 7, 2017). "Arizona GOP Rep. Trent Franks to resign following sexual harassment claim". CNN.
- ^ abcRogers, Katie (December 8, 2017). "Trent Franks, Accused of Offering $5 Million to Aide for Surrogacy, Resigns". New York Times.
- ^DeBonis, Mike (December 8, 2017). "Rep. Trent Franks offered $5 million to aide to bear his child, resigns amid inquiry". Washington Post.
- ^ abcLinderman, Juliet (December 9, 2017). "Ex-aide: Rep. Franks offered $5m to carry his child". Associated Press.
- ^ abBade, Rachel; Sherman, Jake (December 8, 2017). "Female aides fretted Franks wanted to have sex to impregnate them". Politico.
- ^Fandos, Nicholas (December 7, 2017). "House Republican Trent Franks Resigns Amid Harassment Investigation". New York Times.
- ^Bresnahan, John; Bade, Rachel (February 22, 2018). "The Frat House of Representatives". Politico.
- ^"Trent Franks ancestry". freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com.
- ^Birhanemaskel, Millete (November 20, 2002). "Congressman from Arizona creates buzz in Briggsdale". Greeley Tribune. Retrieved March 6, 2010.
- ^"Trent Franks". Classmates.com. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
- ^Associated Press (August 12, 2002). "Primaries crowded for redrawn 2nd Congressional District". Kingman Daily Miner. Retrieved March 6, 2010.
- ^"Trent Franks". Vote-USA.org. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
- ^"U.S. Rep. Trent Franks U.S House of Representatives Financial Disclosure"(PDF). Congressman Disclosure. November 1, 2015.
- ^"Republicans hold fast on Senate control". Mohave Daily Miner. UPI. November 7, 1984. p. 7.
- ^"Legislature results are split". Mohave Daily Miner. UPI. November 5, 1986. p. 16.
- ^ abKen Hedler (December 18, 2002). "Franks seeks widening of school tax credits". Kingman Daily Miner.
- ^"Extended Biography of Congressman Trent Franks". Trent Franks Congressional website. Archived from the original on September 1, 2009. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
- ^"Mecham aides quit, another will leave". Prescott Courier. Associated Press. April 8, 1988. p. 6A.
- ^"Campaign called 'dirtiest' in recent memory". Prescott Courier. Associated Press. September 11, 1988. p. 1.
- ^"Abortion ruling bodes ill for Arizona". Prescott Courier. Associated Press. June 29, 1992. p. 1B.
- ^"Politics of Abortion Likely to Inflame Elections in States". Miami Herald. July 1, 1992.
- ^William F. Rawson (August 2, 1995). "Arizona initiative seeks flat tax, credits for private school tuition". Kingman Daily Miner. Associated Press.
- ^Jonathan D. Salant (December 25, 2002). "A Richer Congress; Nearly Half of Incoming Freshmen are Millionaires". Associated Press. Archived from the original on September 18, 2008.
- ^"Liberty Petroleum Corporation – Profile". Manta.com. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
- ^"GOP lawmaker clarifies remarks critical of Obama". Retrieved September 29, 2009.
- ^"Our Campaigns - AZ District 04- R Primary Race - Sep 13, 1994".
- ^Scott Thomsen (September 12, 2000). "Congress: Grijalva, Franks now front-runners in new districts". The Daily Courier. Associated Press.
- ^"In heavily GOP congressional district in Arizona, Trent Franks wins Republican nomination". Associated Press. September 15, 2002.
- ^Robert Gehrke (September 2, 2002). "Many Arizona House candidates financing own primary campaigns". The Daily Courier. Associated Press.
- ^"Our Campaigns - AZ District 2 - R Primary Race - Sep 10, 2002".
- ^"Our Campaigns - AZ District 2 Race - Nov 05, 2002".
- ^"Our Campaigns - AZ - District 02 - R Primary Race - Sep 07, 2004".
- ^"Our Campaigns - AZ - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 2004".
- ^"Our Campaigns - AZ - District 02 Race - Nov 07, 2006".
- ^"Our Campaigns - AZ - District 02 Race - Nov 04, 2008".
- ^"Our Campaigns - AZ District 02 - R Primary Race - Aug 24, 2010".
- ^"Our Campaigns - AZ - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 2010".
- ^Arizona Redistricting: Commission releases draft map. Daily Kos, October 4, 2011
- ^"Our Campaigns - AZ District 08 - R Primary Race - Aug 28, 2012".
- ^"Our Campaigns - AZ - District 08 Race - Nov 06, 2012".
|Trent Franks on Abortion|
| Click here for 24 full quotes on Abortion OR background on Abortion. |
|Trent Franks on Budget & Economy|
| Click here for 18 full quotes on Budget & Economy OR background on Budget & Economy. |
|Trent Franks on Civil Rights|
| Click here for 12 full quotes on Civil Rights OR background on Civil Rights. |
|Trent Franks on Corporations|
| Click here for 8 full quotes on Corporations OR background on Corporations. |
|Trent Franks on Crime|
| Click here for 6 full quotes on Crime OR background on Crime. |
|Trent Franks on Drugs|
| Click here for 3 full quotes on Drugs OR background on Drugs. |
|Trent Franks on Education|
| Click here for 8 full quotes on Education OR background on Education. |
|Trent Franks on Energy & Oil|
| Click here for 20 full quotes on Energy & Oil OR background on Energy & Oil. |
|Trent Franks on Environment|
| Click here for 12 full quotes on Environment OR background on Environment. |
|Trent Franks on Families & Children|
| Click here for 5 full quotes on Families & Children OR background on Families & Children. |
|Trent Franks on Foreign Policy|
| Click here for 10 full quotes on Foreign Policy OR background on Foreign Policy. |
|Trent Franks on Free Trade|
| Click here for 8 full quotes on Free Trade OR background on Free Trade. |
|Trent Franks on Government Reform|
| Click here for 16 full quotes on Government Reform OR background on Government Reform. |
|Trent Franks on Gun Control|
| Click here for 15 full quotes on Gun Control OR background on Gun Control. |
|Trent Franks on Health Care|
| Click here for 18 full quotes on Health Care OR background on Health Care. |
|Trent Franks on Homeland Security|
| Click here for 17 full quotes on Homeland Security OR background on Homeland Security. |
|Trent Franks on Immigration|
| Click here for 11 full quotes on Immigration OR background on Immigration. |
|Trent Franks on Jobs|
| Click here for 8 full quotes on Jobs OR background on Jobs. |
|Trent Franks on Tax Reform|
| Click here for 15 full quotes on Tax Reform OR background on Tax Reform. |
|Trent Franks on Technology|
| Click here for 13 full quotes on Technology OR background on Technology. |
|Trent Franks on War & Peace|
| Click here for 14 full quotes on War & Peace OR background on War & Peace. |
|Trent Franks on Welfare & Poverty|
| Click here for 5 full quotes on Welfare & Poverty OR background on Welfare & Poverty. |
(Click here for VoteMatch quiz)
|VoteMatch Question & Answer|
(Click on question for explanation and background)
|Based on these stances:|
(Click on topic for excerpt & citation)
| Strongly Opposes topic 1:|
Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right
(-5 points on Social scale)
|Protect unborn children: Strongly Opposes topic 1|
Rated 0% by NARAL, indicating a pro-life voting record: Strongly Opposes topic 1
Rated 100% by the NRLC, indicating a pro-life stance: Strongly Opposes topic 1
Prohibit transporting minors across state lines for abortion: Opposes topic 1
Bar funding for abortion under federal Obamacare plans: Opposes topic 1
Sponsored banning abortions for sex selection or race selection: Opposes topic 1
Prohibit federal funding for abortion: Strongly Opposes topic 1
Prohibiting forced abortions by UN Population Fund: Opposes topic 1
Congress shall protect life beginning with fertilization: Strongly Opposes topic 1
Prohibit federal funding to groups like Planned Parenthood: Strongly Opposes topic 1
Encourage adoption of children in foster care: Opposes topic 1
Sponsored prohibiting abortion information at school health centers: Opposes topic 1
Life and human rights begin at fertilization or cloning: Strongly Opposes topic 1
No family planning assistance that includes abortion: Strongly Opposes topic 1
Include pre-born human beings in 14th Amendment protection: Strongly Opposes topic 1
Grant the pre-born equal protection under 14th Amendment: Opposes topic 1
Report on Medicaid payments to abortion providers: Strongly Opposes topic 1
Declare preborn as persons under 14th amendment: Strongly Opposes topic 1
YES on banning federal health coverage that includes abortion: Strongly Opposes topic 1
YES on banning partial-birth abortion except to save mother�s life: Strongly Opposes topic 1
YES on making it a crime to harm a fetus during another crime: Opposes topic 1
YES on restricting interstate transport of minors to get abortions: Strongly Opposes topic 1
NO on allowing human embryonic stem cell research: Opposes topic 1
NO on expanding research to more embryonic stem cell lines: Opposes topic 1
| Strongly Opposes topic 2:|
Legally require hiring women & minorities
(+5 points on Economic scale)
|Rated 11% by the NAACP, indicating an anti-affirmative-action stance: Strongly Opposes topic 2|
NO on reauthorizing the Violence Against Women Act: Opposes topic 2
NO on $84 million in grants for Black and Hispanic colleges: Strongly Opposes topic 2
| Strongly Opposes topic 3:|
Comfortable with same-sex marriage
(-5 points on Social scale)
|Rated 0% by the HRC, indicating an anti-gay-rights stance: Strongly Opposes topic 3|
Amend Constitution to define traditional marriage: Strongly Opposes topic 3
Protect anti-same-sex marriage opinions as free speech: Strongly Opposes topic 3
State definition of marriage supersedes federal gay marriage: Strongly Opposes topic 3
YES on Constitutional Amendment banning same-sex marriage: Strongly Opposes topic 3
YES on Constitutionally defining marriage as one-man-one-woman: Strongly Opposes topic 3
NO on prohibiting job discrimination based on sexual orientation: Strongly Opposes topic 3
NO on enforcing against anti-gay hate crimes: Opposes topic 3
| Strongly Favors topic 4:|
Keep God in the public sphere
(-5 points on Social scale)
|Rated 100% by the Christian Coalition: a pro-Family-Value voting record: Strongly Favors topic 4|
Recognize Christianity's importance to western civilization: Favors topic 4
$110M per year to teach abstinence in public schools: Favors topic 4
YES on constitutional amendment prohibiting flag desecration: Favors topic 4
YES on protecting the Pledge of Allegiance: Favors topic 4
NO on allowing Courts to decide on "God" in Pledge of Allegiance: Favors topic 4
| Strongly Opposes topic 5:|
(+5 points on Economic scale)
|Rated 11% by APHA, indicating a anti-public health voting record: Strongly Opposes topic 5|
Repeal any federal health care takeover: Strongly Opposes topic 5
Repeal ObamaCare reporting requirements for small business: Opposes topic 5
NO on giving mental health full equity with physical health: Opposes topic 5
NO on Veto override: Extend SCHIP to cover 6M more kids: Strongly Opposes topic 5
YES on repealing the "Prevention and Public Health" slush fund: Strongly Opposes topic 5
YES on the Ryan Budget: Medicare choice, tax & spending cuts: Opposes topic 5
YES on allowing reimportation of prescription drugs: Favors topic 5
YES on capping damages & setting time limits in medical lawsuits: Opposes topic 5
YES on limited prescription drug benefit for Medicare recipients: Opposes topic 5
YES on denying non-emergency treatment for lack of Medicare co-pay: Strongly Opposes topic 5
NO on requiring negotiated Rx prices for Medicare part D: Opposes topic 5
NO on adding 2 to 4 million children to SCHIP eligibility: Opposes topic 5
NO on overriding veto on expansion of Medicare: Opposes topic 5
NO on expanding the Children's Health Insurance Program: Opposes topic 5
NO on regulating tobacco as a drug: Opposes topic 5
| Strongly Favors topic 6:|
Privatize Social Security
(+5 points on Economic scale)
|Remove earnings test; create optional private investment: Strongly Favors topic 6|
Rated 10% by the ARA, indicating an anti-senior voting record: Strongly Favors topic 6
Rated 3% by ARA, indicating a pro-privatization stance: Strongly Favors topic 6
| Strongly Favors topic 7:|
Vouchers for school choice
(+5 points on Economic scale)
|Rated 17% by the NEA, indicating anti-public education votes: Strongly Favors topic 7|
Denounce the Common Core State Standards: Favors topic 7
YES on reauthorizing the DC opportunity scholarship program: Strongly Favors topic 7
NO on $40B for green public schools: Favors topic 7
| Favors topic 8:|
EPA regulations are too restrictive
(-3 points on Social scale)
|Rated 5% by the LCV, indicating anti-environment votes: Strongly Favors topic 8|
Stop considering manure as pollutant or hazardous: Favors topic 8
Strengthen prohibitions against animal fighting: Strongly Opposes topic 8
YES on deauthorizing "critical habitat" for endangered species: Strongly Favors topic 8
NO on environmental education grants for outdoor experiences: Favors topic 8
NO on protecting free-roaming horses and burros: Favors topic 8
| Favors topic 9:|
Stricter punishment reduces crime
(-3 points on Social scale)
|Harsher penalties including �Three Strikes� law: Strongly Favors topic 9|
Reduce recidivism by giving offenders a Second Chance: Strongly Opposes topic 9
Constitutional Amendment defining victims' rights: Strongly Favors topic 9
Rated 38% by the NAPO, indicating a police-the-police stance: Strongly Opposes topic 9
NO on expanding services for offenders' re-entry into society: Favors topic 9
| Strongly Favors topic 10:|
Absolute right to gun ownership
(+5 points on Economic scale)
|Unwaveringly protect the right to own and bear arms: Strongly Favors topic 10|
Rated A by the NRA, indicating a pro-gun rights voting record: Strongly Favors topic 10
No United Nations taxation on firearms: Strongly Favors topic 10
National cross-state standard for concealed carry: Strongly Favors topic 10
Teach kids Eddie Eagle GunSafe's lifesaving message: Favors topic 10
Loosen restrictions on interstate gun purchases: Strongly Favors topic 10
Allow veterans to register unlicensed guns acquired abroad: Favors topic 10
Require video recording of every firearm test by ATF: Favors topic 10
Interstate transportation of firearms is federally prote: Favors topic 10
Ban gun registration & trigger lock law in Washington DC: Strongly Favors topic 10
Allow firearms in National Parks: Strongly Favors topic 10
Allow reloading spent military small arms ammunition: Strongly Favors topic 10
Apply concealed carry permit to all other states where legal: Strongly Favors topic 10
YES on prohibiting suing gunmakers & sellers for gun misuse: Strongly Favors topic 10
YES on prohibiting product misuse lawsuits on gun manufacturers: Strongly Favors topic 10
| Strongly Opposes topic 11:|
Higher taxes on the wealthy
(+5 points on Economic scale)
|Abolish IRS--replace income tax with national sales tax: Strongly Opposes topic 11|
Rated 78% by NTU, indicating a "Taxpayer's Friend" on tax votes: Strongly Opposes topic 11
Rated 0% by the CTJ, indicating opposition to progressive taxation: Strongly Opposes topic 11
Repeal the Death Tax: Strongly Opposes topic 11
Replace income tax & employment tax with FairTax: Strongly Opposes topic 11
Taxpayer Protection Pledge: no new taxes: Strongly Opposes topic 11
No European-style VAT (value-added tax): Opposes topic 11
Supports the Taxpayer Protection Pledge: Strongly Opposes topic 11
Repeal the death tax, immediately and with no expiration: Strongly Opposes topic 11
Replace income tax and IRS with FairTax: Strongly Opposes topic 11
YES on providing tax relief and simplification: Strongly Opposes topic 11
NO on paying for AMT relief by closing offshore business loopholes: Strongly Opposes topic 11
NO on extending AMT exemptions to avoid hitting middle-income: Favors topic 11
| Strongly Opposes topic 12:|
Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens
(-5 points on Social scale)
|Rated 100% by FAIR, indicating a voting record restricting immigration: Strongly Opposes topic 12|
Rated 100% by USBC, indicating a sealed-border stance: Strongly Opposes topic 12
End Birthright Citizenship; no more anchor babies: Strongly Opposes topic 12
Rated A- by the ALI, indicating a strongly anti-amnesty stance: Strongly Opposes topic 12
No birthright citizenship unless one parent is an American: Strongly Opposes topic 12
Stop releasing low-risk illegal immigrants: Opposes topic 12
Analyze terrorism and criminal threats on southwest border: Opposes topic 12
Declare English as the official language of the US: Opposes topic 12
YES on reporting illegal aliens who receive hospital treatment: Strongly Opposes topic 12
YES on preventing tipping off Mexicans about Minuteman Project: Strongly Opposes topic 12
YES on building a fence along the Mexican border: Strongly Opposes topic 12
| Favors topic 13:|
Support & expand free trade
(+2 points on Economic scale)
|Rated 50% by the USAE, indicating a mixed record on trade: Neutral on topic 13|
YES on implementing US-Singapore free trade agreement: Strongly Favors topic 13
YES on implementing free trade agreement with Chile: Strongly Favors topic 13
YES on implementing US-Australia Free Trade Agreement: Favors topic 13
YES on end offshore tax havens and promote small business: Opposes topic 13
YES on implementing CAFTA, Central America Free Trade: Strongly Favors topic 13
NO on assisting workers who lose jobs due to globalization: Favors topic 13
YES on promoting free trade with Peru: Favors topic 13
| Strongly Favors topic 14:|
Support American Exceptionalism
(+5 points on Economic scale)
|Withhold UN funding until voluntary and program-specific: Strongly Favors topic 14|
Sponsored opposing the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty: Strongly Favors topic 14
Condemn China's organ harvesting from Falun Gong prisoners: Opposes topic 14
No transfers of Gitmo prisoners to US or abroad: Strongly Favors topic 14
NO on Veto override: Congressional oversight of CIA interrogations: Favors topic 14
NO on requiring FISA warrants for wiretaps in US, but not abroad: Strongly Favors topic 14
YES on reforming the UN by restricting US funding: Strongly Favors topic 14
YES on continuing intelligence gathering without civil oversight: Favors topic 14
YES on removing need for FISA warrant for wiretapping abroad: Strongly Favors topic 14
| Strongly Favors topic 15:|
Expand the military
(-5 points on Social scale)
|Rated 0% by SANE, indicating a pro-military voting record: Strongly Favors topic 15|
Oppose Arms Treaty that limits gun trade to Israel & Taiwan: Strongly Favors topic 15
Set minimum spending on defense at 4% of GDP: Strongly Favors topic 15
YES on emergency $78B for war in Iraq & Afghanistan: Strongly Favors topic 15
YES on continuing military recruitment on college campuses: Favors topic 15
NO on restricting no-bid defense contracts: Strongly Favors topic 15
| Strongly Favors topic 16:|
Make voter registration easier
(+5 points on Social scale)
|Require Internet disclosure of all earmarks: Favors topic 16|
NO on restricting independent grassroots political committees: Favors topic 16
YES on requiring lobbyist disclosure of bundled donations: Strongly Favors topic 16
| Strongly Opposes topic 17:|
Avoid foreign entanglements
(-5 points on Social scale)
|Strengthen sanctions on Syria & assist democratic transition: Strongly Opposes topic 17|
Boycott & sanctions against Iran for terrorism & nukes: Opposes topic 17
Counter Iran's growing presence in Latin America: Strongly Opposes topic 17
Iranian nuclear weapons: prevention instead of containment: Strongly Opposes topic 17
Sponsored condemning North Korea for testing nuclear device: Opposes topic 17
Intervene in Iraq to protect persecuted Christians: Opposes topic 17
Work with Iraqi government to fight ISIL: Opposes topic 17
Sanctions on Iran to end nuclear program: Opposes topic 17
NO on removing US armed forces from Afghanistan: Strongly Opposes topic 17
YES on banning armed forces in Libya without Congressional approval: Favors topic 17
YES on declaring Iraq part of War on Terror with no exit date: Strongly Opposes topic 17
NO on redeploying US troops out of Iraq starting in 90 days: Strongly Opposes topic 17
NO on investigating Bush impeachment for lying about Iraq: Opposes topic 17
| Strongly Opposes topic 18:|
Prioritize green energy
(+5 points on Economic scale)
|Rated 0% by the CAF, indicating opposition to energy independence: Opposes topic 18|
Bar greenhouse gases from Clean Air Act rules: Strongly Opposes topic 18
Signed the No Climate Tax Pledge by AFP: Strongly Opposes topic 18
No EPA regulation of greenhouse gases: Strongly Opposes topic 18
Drill the Outer Continental Shelf; & license new nuke plants: Strongly Opposes topic 18
Let wind energy production tax credit expire: Strongly Opposes topic 18
NO on tax incentives for renewable energy: Strongly Opposes topic 18
YES on barring EPA from regulating greenhouse gases: Opposes topic 18
YES on opening Outer Continental Shelf to oil drilling: