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Short Essay Tiger

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Short Essay on 'Tiger' in Hindi | 'Bagh' par Nibandh (100 Words)

Short Essay on 'Tiger' in Hindi | 'Bagh' par Nibandh (100 Words)
बाघ

'बाघ' भारत का राष्ट्रीय पशु है। इसका शरीर काफी मजबूत होता है। बाघ का रंग पीला/ हल्का भूरा होता है जिस पर काली धारियां होती हैं। इसकी पूंछ लम्बी होती है। इसके चार पैर होते हैं। इसके दांत बड़े एवं पैने होते हैं। इसके पंजों में नुकीले नाख़ून होते हैं।

बाघ बिल्ली के परिवार से सम्बद्ध होता है। यह एक बहुत बड़ी बिल्ली की भांति दिखता है। बाघ सामान्यतया जंगल में पाया जाता है। इसको खून व मांस बहुत पसंद है। यह बहुत ही हिंसक एवं क्रूर जानवर होता है।

भारत में बाघ का शिकार भारत सरकार द्वारा पूर्णतया प्रतिबंधित कर दिया गया है। हम बाघ को चिड़ियाघर एवं सर्कस में देख सकते हैं।
 

Once tigers ranged from Java, Bali, southern Asia, eastern Turkey, to the eastern shores of Asia on the Okhotsk Sea, to the island of Sumatra, and to the west of India. Today, tigers are not found west of India or on the islands of Java and Bali. The remaining tigers are in China, Southern Asia, and Russia's far east; these are mostly isolated habitats, and tigers are greatly reduced in numbers.

Depending on geographic locations, tigers can be found in a variety of habitats. They range from tropical forests, evergreen forests, ravines, woodlands, mangrove swamps, grasslands, savannas, and rocky country. Some other preferred habitats include dense thickets, long grass or tamarisk shrubs along river banks. Some tigers seem to take a special liking to old ruins for cover. Tigers rely on concealment for stalking and ambushing their prey; they seek areas with ample food, water and moderately dense cover. Tigers are adaptable animals; they can adapt to many different surroundings, as long as they have sufficient water, shade and food.

The tiger has few enemies; besides humans, they are large buffaloes, elephants and bears. Its defence against other animals that may attack are its large claws and very powerful teeth. Tigers are excellent swimmers and climbers, which saves them from floods and other disasters, as well as protect them from their enemies. The tiger is a very cautious animal; it doesn't like to hunt elephants or larger animals than itself, unless it is very hungry, or if its cubs or itself were attacked.

The main predator of the tiger is humankind. They have been trapped, poisoned and hunted heavily by humans not only to eliminate threats to livestock, but also for sport, trophies, skins, and sources of traditional medical products. Superstition has surrounded tigers for centuries; their body parts are used in Asian medicines. Necklets of tiger claws are thought to protect a child from "the evil eye"; tiger whiskers are considered either a dreadful poison (in Malaysia), a powerful aphrodisiac (in Indonesia), or an aid to childbirth (in India and Pakistan); the bones, fat, liver and penis of a tiger are prized as medicines.

Humans have also altered the natural habitats of tigers by their destruction and encroachment on the tigers' feeding range; humans are destroying their habitats by cutting down trees, moving into their preferred locations, polluting the water and air, and hunting their prey.

The tiger population of the Indian subcontinent has suffered a serious decline in the last 50 years. It is estimated that only 200 tigers survived in Nepal, and only 4,000 in India, up from 2,000 in the 1970s. In the 1990s, poaching has escalated in China and Korea, in spite of the Chinese ban on tiger products in 1993. At one point in the 1970s, tigers' numbers had dropped to 4,000 compared to 100,000 in the early 1900s. Today, the world tiger population still only numbers about 5,000 to 7,000 animals. An intense effort is under way to save the endangered tigers. Unfortunately, tigers are still illegally hunted for their fur, bones and other parts to supply markets in China and Taiwan. Tigers have been hunted to near extinction by poachers, and all subspecies have been declared endangered.

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