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Essay On Eid Ul Fitr Festivals

Muslims around the world are celebrating the festival of Eid al-Fitr today, marking the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. The holiday lasts several days and begins at the start of the lunar month of Shawwal.

Here are six things you might not know about one of Islam's most important festivals:

The date always varies:

The day on which Eid al-Fitr begins is determined by a confirmed sighting of the new moon after a month of fasting, so the date changes every year and varies geographically.

Every year there is controversy over the sighting of the moon, the Gulf News reports. "The question religious scholars ask is, why do Muslims put themselves through this confusion every year?" it says. "Science and technology can detect the birth of the new moon." 

On Monday, leaders in the Gulf Arab nations announced Eid would begin on 6 July, after they were unable to confirm a sighting of the moon due to poor visibility.

Food is at the heart of celebrations:

Eid al-Fitr is a holiday dedicated to feasting and serves as the "the light at the end of the tunnel after a long and difficult month of fasting and abstaining," says the Al Bawaba website.

Muslims typically enjoy a small breakfast ahead of morning prayers and then visit friends and relatives where a lavish feast is served. Gifts are also exchanged, with clothes the most popular presents. 

"On Eid, you are encouraged to eat all the things that are too rich, too sweet, too creamy for a normal day," food writer Sumayya Usmani told the New York Times. Delicacies in her hometown of Karachi include indulgent desserts like fluffy pineapple cake, while in the Middle East, Eid is often celebrated with pastries like Ma'amoul – shortbread filled with dates, pistachios or walnuts.

"The whole day is dedicated to rejoicing in having food on the table," Usmani said.

But it isn't just about food: 

While feasting is central to Eid, there are also religious obligations connected to the festival. Muslims will not only be celebrating the end of fasting, but giving thanks to Allah for providing them with strength through Ramadan. Eid is also a time of forgiveness, self-reflection and giving to charity, says the BBC.

The day starts early in the morning, with Muslims gathering at mosques or outdoor squares to perform Eid prayers. The community then celebrates together, with everyone sharing the food they have prepared.

"Growing up in India, my parents taught my brother and I that if you are blessed with abundance it's your obligation, or rather it's your privilege, to share your abundance with those less fortunate," writes Ila Paliwal in the Huffington Post.

There are calls for it to be a public holiday in Britain:

In recent years, the UK government has come under growing pressure to have one of the most important days in the Muslim calendar recognised by British law. "Wouldn't it be a statement that we as a nation embrace [Islam], and the people who hold [it] dear, and we are ready to recognise their place in our society?" said Tory MP Bob Blackman.

However, after debating the issue in parliament, the government argued that while it was aware of the importance of the festival, the cost to the economy of another public holiday would be "considerable".

There will be events across the UK

One of the biggest celebrations in Europe is happening in Birmingham today, with tens of thousands of people attending an event at Small Heath park for prayers, food and entertainment.

Similar events are taking place across the UK this week including in Blackburn, Manchester and Bradford. The annual celebration will get underway in London this weekend, with Sadiq Khan leading the festivities in Trafalgar Square on Saturday.

The capital's first Muslim mayor released a personal video message today wishing everyone around the world a happy Eid.

"London's greatest strength is our diversity and the way we don't just tolerate, but respect and celebrate our different traditions and backgrounds," he said. "Now more than ever, it is important that we come together and stand against anyone who wants to divide us."

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Short Essay on 'Id-ul-Fitr' or 'Eid' (200 Words)

Short Essay on 'Id-ul-Fitr' or 'Eid' (200 Words)
'Id-ul-Fitr' or 'Eid' is one of the greatest festivals of Muslims. It is celebrated to mark the end of Ramzan. Eid is an Arabic word meaning 'festivity', while Fiṭr means 'breaking the fast'. It was during the month of Ramzan that Holy Quran was revealed to Prophet Mohammed. It is celebrated all over the world by all Muslims.

The Muslims fast during the month of Ramzan. At the end of the month, Eid is celebrated with feats. For Muslims, the festival of Id-ul-Fitr is occasion of showing gratitude to God and remembering him.

Muslims all over the world make great preparations for the festival of Id-ul-Fitr. All Muslims buy new clothes. When the new moon is seen just after the fast of thirty days, the next day Eid is declared. All look very happy. On this day they wake up very early in the morning, clean their teeth, have a bath and wear the best of clothing which one possesses and also apply perfume. 

Eid prayer is performed in open areas like fields, community centers, etc. or at mosques. After the prayers, Muslims visit their relatives and friends. On Eid gifts are also given to children and immediate relatives.  
  

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