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Osu Dissertation Format Chicago

There are several different style manuals for how to prepare citations in a bibliography. Each academic discipline uses a specific style for preparing citations. This style dictates the elements and their order in a citation as well as the format of the bibliography. If you have a writing assignment, your instructor may specify which style to use. If not, there are certain style manuals commonly used in the various disciplines.

Keep in mind, information from the Internet should be cited differently from print materials. Earlier editions of style manuals may not include how to cite Internet sources. Be sure the edition you use has specific directions for citing electronic online sources. If you are unsure which style manual you should use, check with your instructor about what style is appropriate for the discipline.

Use the tab above to find Web resources on various commonly used citation styles. The EndNote tab takes you to a guide on the free bibliographic citation management software provided by the OSU Library, and the OSU Theses/Dissertations tab has links to the OSU Graduate College guidelines and tips on finding OSU theses and dissertations.

Frequently used style manual books are listed below:

  • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

    Call Number: 808.02 P976 2010

    ISBN: 9781433805615

    Publication Date: 2010

  • MLA Handbook by The Modern Language Association of America

    Call Number: 808.027 M685 2016

    ISBN: 9781603292627

    Publication Date: 2016-04-01

  • Style guide / American Sociological Association

    Call Number: 808.066301 A512s 2010

    ISBN: 0912764317

    Publication Date: 2010

  • ACS [American Chemical Society] Style Guide

    Call Number: 808.06654 A105 2006

    ISBN: 0841239991

    Publication Date: 2006

  • Chicago Manual of Style

    Call Number: 655.25 C532 2010

    ISBN: 9780226104201

    Publication Date: 2010

    General. Also available online in Find Articles - Databases on Library homepage

  • Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian Style) by Kate L. Turabian

    Call Number: 808.02 T929m 2007

    ISBN: 9780226823362

    Publication Date: 2007

Citation Examples

*For assistance with software to manage citations, please see our Citation Software page.

APA Style Guide

This guide is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition (Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2010).  For additional examples, please refer to the APA Citation Sytle Tips or  to the print Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition (Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2010) which is available in the Thompson Library Grand Reading Room and at other Ohio State University Libraries (Call Number: BF76.7 P83 2010).  See also the Frequently Asked Questions page on the APA Style website.


Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition (University of Chicago Press, 2010) offers two basic citation systems: 1) The Notes-Bibliography system, recommended for literature, history, and the arts; and 2) The Author-Date system, recommended for the physical, natural, and social sciences. For a brief overview of both systems, please see the Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide, provided on the publishers website. For more specific examples, please see Chapters 14 and 15 of The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition. Please note: Your osu name.# and password may be required to access this resource.


Council of Science Editors (CSE) Style Guide

This guide is based on Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 7th edition (Reston, VA : Council of Science Editors in cooperation with the Rockefeller University Press, 2006). The developers of this citation style were formerly known as the Council of Biology Editors (CBE). Examples are provided in Name-Year format. Bibliography items are listed alphabetically at the end of the research paper. Items are referred to in the body of the paper using the In-Text style. If none of these examples seem appropriate, consult the CSE Manual available in the Reference collections of many OSU Library locations (T11 S386 2014).


MLA Style Guide

This guide is based on the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th edition (Modern Language Association, 2009).  Works Cited items are listed alphabetically at the end of the research paper and should be double-spaced.  Parenthetical references are items referred to in the body of the paper. For additional examples, please refer to the MLA Citation Style Tips or  to the print  MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, available in the reference collections of the Thompson Library, Science and Engineering Library, and other Ohio State University locations (Call number LB2369 G53 2009).


Turabian Style Guide

Based on The Chicago Manual of Style 16th ed. (University of Chicago Press, 2010), Kate Turabian's  A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations also provides information on two basic citation systems: 1) The Notes-Bibliography system, recommended for literature, history, and the arts; and 2) The Author-Date system, recommended for the physical, natural, and social sciences. For a brief overview of both systems, please see the Turabian Quick Guide, provided on the publishers website. For more specific examples, please see A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations.



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