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Although New England And The Chesapeake Region Dbq Thesis Statement

Dbq 1993: Why Did The New England And Chesapeake Regions Develop Into 2 Distinct Societies By 1700?

9/10/09AP US History P.4Today, the country of the United States of America is well known for it having the most diverse population in the world. There are people of many different religious beliefs and ethnicities. If one thinks back on it though, it is strange how such a thing could have happened. We were originally settled by on country; England. Although the colonies in the New England and Chesapeake regions of North America were settled mainly by the English, by the 1700s both developed into two distinct societies because of their environmental surroundings, their reasons for settlement, and their way of life.

The regions had somewhat similar climates, but it was their surroundings that set them apart. Both regions had harsh and unforgiving climates that neither the Chesapeake settlers nor the New England settlers were prepared for. According to a book written by Captain John Smith called the History of Virginia, he states that “with the extremity of the bitter cold frost…more than half of us died”[Doc. F]. The first settlers of the New England colonies didn’t fair too well either. Their first winter of 1620-1621 took a high death toll, leaving only 44 of the original 102 alive. That, however, is where the similarities end. The Chesapeake colonies were fortunate to have extremely fertile soil and soon their society revolved around lucrative cash crops, such as tobacco, rice, sugar, and indigo. Due to the nature of tobacco, colonies such as Virginia and other large producers of tobacco adopted the plantation system. These plantations were many acres in size and required many workers to operate. Thus the seeds of African slavery in America began to form. In addition to the fertile soil the Chesapeake region had many slow moving and navigable rivers. These rivers allowed close to ties to England. The New England colonies were not so lucky and due to prehistoric glaciers, had rocky and infertile soil. With the help of the local Indians, they were able to survive by planting corn and catching fish. Although they did have some farming, the New England colonies main source of income was shipbuilding and trade due to their many ports.

Each region was colonized for completely different reasons, which can be attributed to the mindset of those that settled there. The Chesapeake colonies were settled much earlier than the New England colonies. During that time the thought of a new country being formed never crossed anyone’s minds. The reports of the Spanish striking rich in gold in South America caused the English to pursue gold in the then uncharted areas of North America. The joint-stock company that funded the first English settlers of North America threatened with abandonment in the...

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Presentation on theme: "The DBQ."— Presentation transcript:

1 The DBQ

2 Thesis StatementQuestion: Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur?Did you create a complex thesis?Sample: Colonial New England and the Chesapeake had been settled people from Britain who shared a common language and history. However, by the year 1700 they had become two very different colonies due to religious, economic and political differences.Sample While New England and the Chesapeake were established at almost the same time by English people, a strong sense of community in New England and of individuality in Virginia caused them to develop different societies, economies and governmental systems.

3 Outside InformationInformation relating to the topic not found in the documentsSampleNew England Town MeetingsHeadright SystemPlantationsTobaccoRepresentative democracy – House of BurgessesIndentured servitude

4 ContextualizationDid you connect the arguments to broader historical events or processes?SampleEnglish Civil War (Puritan victory curbs Great Migration)Restoration of the Monarchy (End of English Puritanism)Settlement of other neighboring coloniesMA – CT, RI, NH (spread of dissenting puritans)VA – MD (spread of plantation culture)Immigration of other groups (Germans, Quakers, Catholics)Role of Mercantilism (encouraged cash crops in the South and commercialism in New England)Royal Africa Company & growth of slavery

5 SynthesisDid you account for contradictory evidence in the documents or did you connect the question to other time periods or places or did you extend your original thesis statement?Sample:Contradictory evidence: Document E suggests that the Puritan sense of community was limited; Similarity - both MA and VA develop democratic institutions; VA also had an established churchOther Time Periods or Places: Spanish influence (religion in MA and gold in VA; treatment of Native Americans; African slavery)

6 Sample Analysis & CAPP Basic information & Some analysis
Context, Audience, Purpose, POV (CAPP)Doc ACommunity important; Relatively egalitarian; model for the rest of the worldBefore arrival in American, he is establishing the objectives of the colony for his adherents.Doc BMostly entire families and servants travelling together – not planning on returning to Britain; Skilled laborShip’s manifest of early settlers to MA who are English puritans driven out by religious intoleranceDoc CMostly young, unrelated men (few women no children); Members of the C of EShip’s manifest of early settlers to VA who are drawn by economic opportunityDoc DTheocracy requires a minister; town planning; economic diversity encouraged; socially cohesivePublic document (for MA Puritans) detailing the implementation of Winthrop’s plan of settlementDoc EPrices and wages controlled by gov’t; Unfairly inflating prices was sinful; demonstrates the ideal of communityPuritan utopia beginning to break down as division between the rich and poor grow; Objective - to warn against greed.Doc FIn early VA was chaotic and individualistic. Food unavailable; many deaths; Ship’s crew cheated colonists; desperation leads to fighting; Instead of organizing a sustainable colony many dug for gold.Smith is justifying his actions taking strict control of the colony by showing greed and lack of order almost destroyed the settlementDoc GThere are many servants and poor people who cannot be trusted and will aid the enemy; Plantation owners too scared to leave their property; VA cannot unite even to defend itselfBerkeley is explaining to his superiors when he can’t fight the Dutch; Berkeley views indentured servants and the poor almost as an enemy within.Doc HSome are growing wealthy quickly at the expense of the colony, which lacks defense and development; Wealthy despised, colony dividedBacon is justifying his uprising by manipulating class divisions and suggesting the wealthy have betrayed the settlement

7 One Method of Organizing the Essay
New EnglandChesapeakePoliticalMust be united a model for others (A)Direct democracy – New England Town MeetingsColony unable to defend itself (G)Government - corrupt “parasites” who have compromised colonies defense (H) Representative democracy – House of BurgessesSocialCommunity important; relatively egalitarian (A)Families with children and people of various ages emigrated (B)Towns planned with a mix of classes, some equality (D)Emigrants - young, unrelated, and mostly male (C)Great social division (F)Inequity leads to fears of rebellion or treason (G)Indentured servitudeEconomicSkilled workers (B)Economic profit restrained for the good of the community (E)Agriculture difficult so people turned to Timber, Fur, Ship Building tradesEconomic exploitation and great hardship (F)Headright SystemPlantationsTobaccoReligiousPuritan TheocracyEstablished Church of EnglandReligion not an issue in the founding of VA MD – Catholics & Act of Toleration

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